Blind contour drawing #2 – “Ses Peintures, Ses Objets, Ses Tissus Simultanes, Ses Modes, Twenty Color Plates C.1912-25” Sonia Delaunay
Orphism – huh? Painters, Sonia Delaunay and her husband Robert reintroduced colour into Cubism and turned their focus to pure abstraction. They used strong colour and geometric shapes. The result was a fresh painting style that was later called orphism. The term was coined by the French poet Apollinaire and the movement is perceived as key in the transition from Cubism to Abstract art.
Delaunay was born in the Ukraine, in 1885, to factory workers and at the age of 5 she was placed in the care of a wealthy relative in St.Petersburg. She was given a good education and studied art in Paris. To avoid returning home and to help her friend hide his homosexuality, she married an art dealer in 1908. She was painting at this point and met her 2nd husband, artist Robert Delaunay, in a group show. She married Robert in 1910.
The couple formed a creative partnership pioneering the orphism movement, exploring the use of colour and the science behind colour combinations.
Sonia saw to their financial security during their marriage. She painted very little after they had their son and returned her full time attention to painting only after Robert died in 1941. Instead she turned to applied arts to support the household.
Using the colour theories that she practiced with Robert, she began to work with fabric. Her first project with a quilt that she made for her son combining features from Cubist paintings and Russian folk art. She opened a fashion shop in Paris in 1921 which quickly attracted glamorous customers such as Coco Chanel and Greta Garbo. Her fabric designs became very popular and she eventually started her own company with Jacques Heim in 1924. She also began a relationship with the Holland-based department store Metz & Co. that lasted 3 decades. A growing interest in the Dada art movement led to a fashion collaboration with poet Tristan Tzara, creating “dress-poems” with designs featuring colour combinations inspired by his words.
Sonia Delaunay’s exploration of expressive colour in the field of textile design differentiates her significantly from other members of the contemporary avant-garde. Besides designing, making, and selling garments in her own fashion boutique, she was responsible for costume design in performing arts including theatre and dance.
Delaunay’s textile designs extended the range of her influence into fashion, home decor and the theatre. She championed the idea that art had a place in regular life. However, her work in the applied arts delayed appreciation for her work as an artist and it wasn’t until the 1950’s that museums began to hold retrospectives of this extrordinary woman’s work.
Born: November 14, 1885 – Odessa, Ukraine